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A look at the model

Metacognition: The key to success?

Anxiety reduction tips and techniques

Assessing preferences

The research basis for the strategies, tips, and techniques presented

About the author

Frequently asked questions (FAQs)



Metacognition is defined as "Knowing what I know and what I don't know." It is the first step and the key to success in applying appropriate study strategies effectively. Metacognitive awareness is a powerful tool in establishing conscious control and monitoring of your own learning and success.

Metacognitive Strategies (& suggested sequence)

  1. You assess your knowledge base and its gaps, strengths, and weaknesses.
  2. You then decide which areas you want to address first (from the model).
  3. Select the specific strategies you want to begin to use:
    Motivation, Acquisition, Retention, Performance, Anxiety Reduction
  4. Assess the "fit" to you and begin to monitor any changes in "learning" that occur.
  5. Evaluate the continued use of chosen strategies and the need to add other strategies (go back to step 1) and re-assess. The model becomes a continuous cycle of conscious (metacognitive)
    • assessment of needs,
    • selecting and implementing strategies,
    • and evaluation of effectiveness

NEXT: Motivation Strategies -->

Last update: July 15, 2007
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